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Bachelor of Engineering [BE] Course 2024: Fees, Admissions, Subjects, Syllabus, Eligibility, Entrance Exams, Future Scopes

Subho As

Content Curator

Updated On - Feb 03,2024

Bachelor of Engineering (BE) is a comprehensive four-year undergraduate program aimed at providing students with a solid foundation in both theoretical principles and practical applications of engineering. It encompasses various branches of engineering, such as civil, mechanical, electrical, computer science, and more, catering to a wide range of career paths within the field. This degree is highly valued for its emphasis on problem-solving skills and innovation, preparing graduates for diverse roles in industries worldwide. To pursue a Bachelor of Engineering degree, candidates typically need to have completed their secondary education (class 10+2 or equivalent) from a recognized institution with a strong background in subjects like Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics or Biology (PCM or PCB). Admission to BE programs is often competitive and can be secured through either merit-based selection or by clearing entrance exams such as JEE MainJEE Advanced, KEAM, KLEEE, WBJEEAP EAMCETTS EAMCET among others. These exams assess candidates' aptitude and knowledge in relevant subjects, ensuring that students admitted to these programs have the necessary skills and competencies to succeed. ** Free Sign-In For More Information - Click Here

In India, Bachelor of Engineering courses are offered through various modes of schooling, including traditional offline programs and online/distance learning options. Renowned institutions like the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Jadavpur University and others offer these programs, providing students with access to quality education and state-of-the-art facilities. The course fees for top colleges typically range from approximately INR 25,000 to INR 3 lakh per year, although this can vary depending on the institution and specialization. ** Free Search to Best Engineering Colleges in India - Click Here

Upon graduation, BE graduates are well-positioned to enter the workforce with competitive starting salaries, ranging from 3 to 12 lakhs per annum on average. The demand for engineering professionals remains high across various industries, offering ample opportunities for career growth and advancement. Whether working in research and development, manufacturing, consulting, or other sectors, BE graduates play a vital role in driving innovation and technological progress in society.

Basic Facts About Bachelor of Engineering [BE]

  • Specializations: The Bachelor of Engineering degree offers various areas of specialization, including Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Computer Science, Robotics, and Chemical engineering. These specializations allow students to focus their studies on specific fields of interest and prepare for careers in diverse industries.
  • Admission Process: Admission to Bachelor of Engineering programs is typically based on entrance exams and academic performance. The number of applicants taking the entrance exam and their scores influence the admission process, which varies by institution. Additionally, university-announced marks and cutoffs, influenced by factors like reservation categories, also play a significant role in determining admission eligibility.
  • Curriculum: The Bachelor of Engineering curriculum covers a broad range of subjects, including physics, chemistry, and programming languages. This comprehensive approach equips students with a strong foundation in both theoretical concepts and practical skills necessary for success in the engineering field.
  • Salary Range: Upon completing the Bachelor of Engineering degree, graduates may receive varying salaries depending on factors such as the company they work for, their academic performance, aptitude test scores, and interview performance. While salaries may differ across industries and job roles, companies typically base their offers on a candidate's qualifications and capabilities demonstrated throughout their academic and professional journey.
Particulars Details 
Course Name BE
Full Form Bachelors of Engineering
Eligibility 10+2 class with physics, chemistry, and mathematics as mandatory subjects
Duration Four years
Fee Rs 4,00,000 to Rs 8,00,000
Admission process

Entrance Based, Merit-Based, Direct Admission 

Average Salary Rs 3,00,000 to Rs 11,00,000
Job Profiles

Quality Control Engineer, Technical Engineer, Development Engineer, Design Engineer

Top Recruiters

HCL Technologies Ltd, Infosys Limited, Google, Tata Consultancy Services Limited, Accenture

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What is the Bachelor of Engineering [B.E.] Degree Full Form?

The full form of the B.E. degree is a Bachelor of Engineering. This undergraduate degree program typically spans four years and provides students with a comprehensive understanding of both the theoretical and practical aspects of engineering within various specializations. Common specializations within the Bachelor of Engineering program include civil engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science engineering, and electrical engineering, among others.

Why Choose to BE (Bachelor of Engineering)?

Choosing a Bachelor of Engineering (BE) program offers several compelling reasons for aspiring students:

  • Technical Skills Development: The BE program provides a platform for students to develop a strong foundation in technical skills, including problem-solving, critical thinking, and analytical abilities. Through coursework and hands-on projects, students gain proficiency in various engineering disciplines, such as civil, mechanical, electrical, and computer science.
  • Programming Skills Enhancement: In today's digital age, programming skills are highly valued across industries. BE programs often incorporate coursework in programming languages and software development, equipping students with essential coding skills crucial for success in the modern workforce.
  • High Demand in the Job Market: Engineers are in high demand in both the public and private sectors. The versatile skill set acquired through a BE program opens up numerous career opportunities in manufacturing, construction, technology, healthcare, and more. The job market for engineers continues to grow, offering stable and rewarding career paths.
  • Innovation and Problem-Solving: Engineering is inherently about finding innovative solutions to complex challenges. BE students are trained to think creatively and tackle real-world problems using scientific principles and engineering techniques. This ability to innovate and problem-solve is highly valued by employers across industries.
  • Adaptability to Technological Change: With rapid technological advancements, industries are constantly evolving. BE graduates are equipped with the knowledge and skills to adapt to these changes seamlessly. They are prepared to embrace new technologies, methodologies, and trends, ensuring their relevance and competitiveness in the ever-changing job market.

Bachelor of Engineering (BE) Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for admission to a Bachelor of Engineering (BE) program typically include the following requirements:

  • Educational Qualifications: Candidates must have completed their 10+2 education (or equivalent) from a recognized board in India. Candidates must be studied in the Science stream during their 10+2 education.
  • Mandatory Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM) are mandatory subjects that candidates should have studied during their 10+2 education. These subjects form the basis for engineering education and are essential for understanding the core concepts of engineering disciplines.
  • Minimum Percentage Requirement: While the minimum percentage required may vary depending on the institution, candidates are generally expected to have obtained a minimum of 50% marks in their 10+2 board examinations. However, some universities may have higher eligibility criteria, requiring candidates to score 75% or more in the class 12th board examination to be eligible for admission.

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Skills Required for Bachelor of Engineering [B.E.] Degree

The Bachelor of Engineering (BE) degree typically spans four years, similar to the B.Tech degree. This comprehensive course structure provides students with a deep understanding of engineering principles, fosters problem-solving abilities, and offers practical experience through laboratory work and project assignments. The four-year duration allows students to delve into various engineering disciplines, gain hands-on experience, and develop a strong foundation for their future careers across diverse sectors.

In addition to academic knowledge, pursuing a Bachelor of Engineering degree also requires certain essential skills to thrive in the professional world. Some of these crucial skills include:

  1. Communication Skills: Effective communication is vital for engineers to convey ideas, collaborate with team members, and present technical information clearly to stakeholders.
  2. Programming Skills: Proficiency in programming languages is increasingly important in engineering fields, enabling students to develop software solutions, analyze data, and automate processes.
  3. Logical Thinking: Engineers need strong analytical and logical reasoning skills to solve complex problems, identify patterns, and make sound decisions based on evidence and data.
  4. Interpersonal Skills: Collaborative teamwork is often essential in engineering projects, requiring individuals to work effectively with colleagues, clients, and stakeholders to achieve common goals.
  5. Innovative Skills: Engineering is inherently about innovation and creativity, and engineers need to think outside the box to develop novel solutions to challenging problems.
  6. Technical Skills: Beyond theoretical knowledge, practical technical skills are crucial for engineers to design, build, and maintain systems, structures, and technologies effectively.

Application Process for Bachelor of Engineering [B.E.]

The application process for Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) programs typically involves two main methods: entrance-based and merit-based admission. Here's an overview of how the process generally works:

Entrance-Based Admission:
  • Colleges conduct entrance examinations at the national, state, or university level.
  • Candidates interested in pursuing a B.E. degree must appear for these entrance exams, such as JEE Main, JEE Advanced, BITSAT, and others, depending on the college's requirements.
  • The performance of candidates in these entrance exams determines their eligibility for admission.
  • If the number of applicants exceeds the available seats in a specific program, colleges create a merit list based on entrance exam scores. Candidates who qualify in the entrance exam are considered for admission based on their rank in the merit list.
  • Admission offers are made to candidates based on their rank and availability of seats in the college.
Merit-Based Admission:
  • In some cases, colleges may offer admission based on merit, considering candidates' academic performance in their qualifying examinations (e.g., 10+2 board exams).
  • Candidates who meet the college's minimum eligibility criteria and have secured high marks in their qualifying exams may be eligible for direct admission without the need for an entrance exam.
  • However, if the number of applicants exceeds the available seats, colleges may still use entrance exam scores as a tiebreaker or additional criterion for admission.
Selection Process:
  • Depending on the performance in entrance examinations and/or merit-based criteria, candidates are shortlisted for further rounds of the selection process, which may include counselling sessions, interviews, or document verification.
  • Final admission decisions are typically based on a combination of factors, including entrance exam scores, academic achievements, and other criteria specified by the college.

** Check the List of Top Entrance Exams in India - Click Here

Top Entrance Examinations for B.E. Degree

Several entrance examinations are crucial for admission to Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) degree programs at various universities and institutions. Here are some of the top entrance examinations for B.E. degree courses:

JEE Main (Joint Entrance Examination Main):
  • JEE Main is a national-level entrance examination used by numerous engineering colleges, including National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs), and other government-funded technical institutes, for selecting candidates for B.Tech. courses.
  • Many state and private colleges also accept JEE Main scores for admission.
  • JEE Main serves as an eligibility test for JEE Advanced.
JEE Advanced (Joint Entrance Examination Advanced):
  • JEE Advanced is a national-level entrance examination conducted by one of the seven zonal Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
  • Only candidates who qualify in JEE Main are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced.
  • JEE Advanced is used for admission to undergraduate programs offered by the IITs.
VITEEE (VIT Engineering Entrance Examination):
  • VITEEE is a university-level examination conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT).
  • This exam is used for admission to B.E./B.Tech. programs offered by VIT at its campuses in Vellore and Chennai.
BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test):
  • BITSAT is a university-level examination conducted by the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani.
  • The exam is used for admission to undergraduate programs (B.E./B.Tech.) offered at BITS campuses in Pilani, Goa, and Hyderabad.

Bachelor of Engineering Subjects / Syllabus

Bachelor of Engineering subjects and syllabus is divided into four years with eight semesters. Each semester has different subjects for every branch except the first-year syllabus. In the table below, we have mentioned the B.E syllabus of Jadavpur University, Kolkata. ** Free Search to Best Engineering Colleges in India - Click Here

BE 1st Year Syllabus

In the first year, students will mainly concentrate on subjects related to physics, chemistry, and other programming languages. Below, we have provided subjects taught during the first year.

Semester 1 Semester 2

Introduction to Programming

Data Structures & Algorithms

Physics-I A

Mathematics II (Modules 5 and 6)

Basic Electronics

Digital Logic & Digital Circuit

MathematicsI (Modules 1 and 2)

Electrical Measurements

Engineering Mechanics

Physics IIA

Electrical Circuits

Electrical Technology Laboratory
Basic Electronics Laboratory Digital Logic Laboratory

Programming Laboratory

Data Structure Laboratory*
Engineering Drawing English For Communication & Social Studies


BE 2nd Year Syllabus

The second year provides introductory knowledge on subjects that students will study in the degree. The main subjects of specialisation and their practical work are taught from the second year.

Semester 3 Semester 4

Object Oriented programming

Object Oriented Systems

Mathematics–III (Modules 3 and 10)

Mathematics– IV (Modules 8 and 12)

Database Management Systems

Software Engineering

Principles of Communication Engineering


Computer Graphics

Computer Networks

Computer Architecture

Numerical Analysis Laboratory

Object-Oriented Programming Laboratory

Numerical Methods & Optimization Techniques
Database Management Systems Laboratory Object Oriented Programming Laboratory–II

Programming Practice Laboratory*

Microprocessor Laboratory*
BE 3rd Year Syllabus

With more advanced topics, the third-year curriculum consists of important and industry-relevant subjects. Topics taught during this year are important from a placement point of view as well.

Semester 5

Semester 6

MultimediaCoding & communications

Design & Analysis of Algorithm

Wireless Networks

Cryptography & Network Security

Graph Theory

Distributed Systems: Algorithms

Web Technologies –I

Web Technologies – II

Operating System Laboratory

Software Laboratory–II

Principles of Compiler Design

Formal Language & Automata Theory
Operating Systems Elective–I
Multimedia Laboratory Web Application Laboratory

Systems Programming Laboratory*

Software Laboratory–I*
BE 4th Year Syllabus

The last year of the bachelor of engineering course focuses on research and project-based learning. The following table highlights the syllabus of the 4th year of the B.E degree.

Semester 7 Semester 8
Elective–I Distributed System & Applications
Elective–II Management
Image Processing Elective–IV
Economics Seminar
Image Processing Laboratory Digital Signal Processing
Project Laboratory* Comprehensive VivaVoce
- Project

Bachelor of Engineering [B.E.] Specialisations

B.E. courses offer various specialisations to the candidates. Candidates who choose a specific subject will become experts in a chosen field of engineering. The table below shows a few specialisations under the bachelor's degree in engineering.

  • B.E in Mechanical Engineering
  • B.E in Civil Engineering
  • B.E. in Marine Engineering
  • B.E. in Software Engineering
  • B.E. in Petroleum Engineering
  • B.E. in Chemical Engineering
  • B.E in Aerospace Engineering
  • B.E in Electronics Engineering

What after a Bachelor of Engineering [BE]?

After completing their B.E., candidates have several options to further advance their careers and enhance their technical skills. One popular choice is pursuing a Master of Technology (M.Tech) degree. By enrolling in an M.Tech program, candidates can deepen their knowledge in a specific engineering discipline and gain specialized expertise. Graduating from a reputable university with an M.Tech degree can significantly improve one's career prospects, opening up opportunities for leadership roles and higher positions in both private and public sectors. The field of engineering offers a diverse range of career paths, where individuals can leverage their experience, creativity, and analytical skills to develop innovative products and solutions that meet the needs and preferences of society. Whether working in research and development, manufacturing, consulting, or other sectors, engineers play a crucial role in driving technological advancement and improving people's lives.

Moreover, pursuing higher studies such as M.Tech allows graduates to stay competitive in the job market and remain at the forefront of technological advancements. Many top multinational companies (MNCs) prefer candidates with advanced degrees for technical roles, offering lucrative opportunities for career growth and development.

Overall, candidates who have completed their B.E. have numerous opportunities to excel in their careers by furthering their education, gaining practical experience, and leveraging their technical talents in various industries and sectors. Whether pursuing higher studies or entering the workforce directly, B.E. graduates are well-equipped to make significant contributions to the field of engineering and beyond.

Careers Opportunities & Future Scope After Bachelor of Engineering [BE]

After completing a Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.), graduates have numerous career opportunities across various sectors. Recruiters seek candidates with strong technical and theoretical skills, offering a wide range of roles and designations. Here are some popular career paths for B.E. graduates:

  • Software Developers: Software developers analyze user needs and develop software applications to meet those requirements. They are responsible for designing, coding, testing, and maintaining software programs, ensuring they meet quality standards and user expectations.
  • IT System Managers: IT system managers plan, install, and monitor information technology systems within organizations. They oversee the implementation of new technologies, manage budgets, and ensure information security protocols are in place.
  • Data Analysts: Data analysts gather, clean, and analyze large datasets to extract valuable insights and inform decision-making processes. They work across various industries such as business, finance, healthcare, and government, using statistical techniques and data visualization tools to interpret data.
  • Software Engineers: Software engineers design and develop computer systems and software applications to solve real-world problems. They are involved in all stages of the software development lifecycle, from requirements analysis and design to implementation and testing.
  • Business Analysts: Business analysts evaluate organizational processes and systems to identify areas for improvement. They conduct research and analysis to develop solutions to business challenges, working closely with stakeholders to implement and communicate these solutions effectively.

These are just a few examples of the career opportunities available to B.E. graduates. With their strong technical foundation and problem-solving skills, B.E. graduates can pursue rewarding careers in various industries, contributing to innovation and driving technological advancements.

Top Recruiters for Bachelor of Engineering
  1. Apple
  2. Intel
  3. Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd
  4. ISRO
  5. HCL Technologies
  6. TATA Consultancy
  7. IBM Global Services
  8. TCS
  9. Infosys
What is the full form of B.E.?

B.E. full form is Bachelor of Engineering, typically a four-year program. However, in some countries, it may vary to three or five years. Aspiring engineers often pursue this course to enter the field of engineering.

Is BTech equivalent to Bachelor of Engineering?

BTech, or Bachelor of Technology, focuses predominantly on technological aspects, while B.E. emphasizes knowledge-oriented subjects.

What are some specializations available in the B.E. degree course?

Specializations such as Computer Science, Mechanical Engineering, and Civil Engineering are among the options offered within the B.E. degree program.

Which exams are popular for admission to B.E. programs?

Common entrance exams for B.E. programs include JEE (Main and Advanced), VITEEE, and BITSAT.

What is the typical tuition fee for a B.E. course?

Tuition fees for B.E. courses vary among colleges, but on average, they range from Rs 4,00,000 to Rs 8,00,000.