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Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS] Course: Full Form, Fees, Admission 2024, Seats, Private / Government Colleges

Subho As

Content Curator

Updated On - Feb 08,2024

MBBS full form is Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, a UG Medical Course typically lasting 5½ years. Aspiring doctors must complete an MBBS course to pursue their career goals. Admission to MBBS courses is exclusively through the NEET Exam, with colleges allotted based on NEET scores. The NEET 2024 exam date has been announced by the NTA, scheduled for May 05, 2024. Eligibility for MBBS and NEET requires candidates to be at least 17 years old and have studied Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology as compulsory subjects in class 12. However, NTA has recently revised its eligibility criteria. ** Free Sign-In For More Information - Click Here

Renowned MBBS Colleges include AIIMS Delhi, CMC Vellore, BHU Varanasi, JIPMER, AMU Aligarh, among others. The average course fee for MBBS ranges from INR 30,000 to INR 1 Crore. ** Free Search to Best Medical Colleges in India - Click Here

The MBBS syllabus spans 9 semesters, followed by a mandatory 6-month internship. The curriculum is divided into 3 segments covering subjects such as Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Physiology. Upon completion of MBBS, graduates can work as doctors, with starting salaries ranging from INR 6-8 LPA. Employment opportunities include positions in private and government hospitals, armed forces, and the option to establish private clinics. ** Know More Details About Bachelor Of Medicine,Bachelor Of Surgery Syllabus

What Exactly is MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery)?

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery are the full forms of MBBS. The abbreviation MBBS is short for "Medicine Baccalaureate Baccalaureate Surgery." Students who aspire to become doctors and help people undertake the 5.5-year MBBS undergraduate medical degree programme. The professional degree of MBBS is necessary to practise medicine, diagnose illnesses, write prescriptions, and perform surgery. In the 91,927 seats that are open for MBBS, 48,012 (52%) are government seats, while 43,915 (48%) are private seats. ** For Free Admission Bachelor Of Medicine,Bachelor Of Surgery ( M.B.B.S )

Course Details Of MBBS

MBBS Full Form Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
MBBS Full Form in Latin Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae
MBBS Course duration 5 years 6 months
MBBS Admission NEET
MBBS Syllabus 19 subjects
MBBS abroad MBBS in USA, MBBS in UK, MBBS in Russia, MBBS in Canada
Medical Colleges in India AIIMS, PGIMER, CMC Vellore, etc
MBBS Course Fees Govt: INR 1628 - 20,000
Private: INR 3,00,000 - 56,00,000
MBBS Jobs Doctors

** Free Sign-In For More Information - Click Here

What is the MBBS Admission Process?

The MBBS Admission Process is done solely based on the NEET entrance exam conducted by MCI followed by a state-level MBBS Counselling. The only MBBS entrance exam is NEET in India which permits students to get admission for BDS, MBBS, BVSc, and UG Ayush Courses. 

BDS Course MDS Course
BMLT Course

MBBS Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for MBBS, students must meet certain criteria. Firstly, they need to obtain sufficient scores in the NEET examination. Additionally, candidates are required to have passed the 12th standard with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects. However, a recent update by the National Medical Commission permits students with Biology as an additional subject to also appear for the NEET exam.

Particulars Details
NEET Qualifying Exams Passed 12th with Physics, Chemistry Biology from a recognized institute (Biology can also be an additional subject)
Minimum Age Requirement for NEET 17 years
MBBS Entrance exams NEET
Qualifying Marks Unreserved - 50%, OBC/ST/SC - 40%, PwD - 45%

MBBS Entrance Exams: NEET Dates

Important Events Dates
NEET 2024 Registration March - April 2024
NEET 2024 Exam Date (Out) May 2024
NEET 2024 Exam Time 2:00 PM to 5:20 PM
NEET 2024 Result Date The second week of June 2024
NEET 2024 Counselling begins July 2024

NEET Cutoff List

Category NEET 2023 Cut-off Percentile NEET 2023 Cut-off Marks
General/ EWS 50 720-137
OBC 40 136-107
SC 40 136-107
ST 40 136-107
General/ EWS- PwD 45 136-121
OBC- PwD 40 120-107
SC- PwD 40 120-107
ST- PwD 40 120-108

MBBS Seats in India

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare released the state-wise list of 1,04,333 MBBS seats in 681 medical colleges. 

State/ UT Number of Government MBBS Seats Number of Private MBBS Seats Total Number of MBBS Seats
Uttar Pradesh 4,303 4,750 9,053
Delhi 1,247 250 1,497
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 100 0 100
Andhra Pradesh 2,485 2,850 5,335
Arunachal Pradesh 50 0 50
Assam 1,150 0 1,150
Bihar 1,515 900 2,415
Chandigarh 150 0 150
Chhattisgarh 965 600 1,565
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 150 0 150
Goa 180 0 180
Gujarat 3,700 2,000 5,700
Haryana 710 950 1,660
Himachal Pradesh 770 150 920
Jammu and Kashmir 1,047 100 1,147
Jharkhand 680 250 930
Karnataka 3,150 6,995 10,145
Kerala 1,555 2,700 4,255
Madhya Pradesh 2,180 1,900 4,080
Maharashtra 4,825 5,070 9,895
Manipur 225 150 375
Meghalaya 50 0 50
Mizoram 100 0 100
Odisha 1,375 750 2,125
Puducherry 380 1,250 1,630
Punjab 800 950 1,750
Rajasthan 3,055 950 4,005
Sikkim 0 150 150
Tamil Nadu 5,725 5,500 11,255
Telangana 1,840 3,200 5,040
Tripura 125 100 225
Uttarakhand 700 450 1,150
West Bengal 3,225 1,000 4,225
Total 54,278 50,315 1,04,333

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS] Fees

MBBS tuition fees are among the highest in India. The extensive duration of the course and the complexity of the subjects contribute to the hefty seven-digit fees. However, government MBBS colleges offer considerably lower fees compared to private institutions. For a general overview, refer to the table below:

Yearly Fees for MBBS Government Colleges INR 10,000 - INR 50,000 
Yearly Fees for MBBS Private Colleges INR 4 Lakh - INR 25 Lakh

Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery [MBBS] Syllabus

The MBBS Syllabus covers both theory and practical learning about medical subjects like Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, and more. You can find detailed information about the MBBS Syllabus in the table below.

Semesters 1-2 (Pre-Clinical)
Anatomy Biochemistry
Physiology N/A
Semesters 3-5 (Para Clinical)
Community Medicine Forensic Medicine
Pathology Pharmacology
Pharmacology Microbiology
Clinical postings in Wards OPD
Semesters 6-9 (Clinical)
Community Medicine Medicine and allied subjects
Obstetrics and Gynaecology Paediatrics
Surgery and allied subjects Clinical postings
Subject Types

In the MBBS Syllabus, the terms clinical, pre-clinical, and para-clinical categorize different phases of medical education:

  • Pre-Clinical Subjects: Pre-Clinical Subjects are covered in the initial years of the MBBS program. They establish the groundwork for understanding the basic sciences of medicine. Examples include Anatomy, Physiology, and Biochemistry. These subjects focus on theoretical and fundamental aspects of medical knowledge.
  • Para-Clinical Subjects: Para-Clinical Subjects serve as a bridge between the pre-clinical and clinical phases. They play a supportive role and help students apply their foundational knowledge to clinical settings. Examples include Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, and Forensic Medicine.
  • Clinical Subjects: Clinical Subjects are studied in the later years of the MBBS program. They involve direct patient care and the practical application of medical knowledge. Examples include Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics, Obstetrics, and Gynecology.

MBBS Books

Some of the textbooks required during the MBBS Course are mentioned in the table below-

Books Author
Human Anatomy For Upper Limb, Lower Limb, Thorax And Abdomen B. D Chaurasia
Clinical Anatomy Snell
Textbook of Physiology A. K. Jain
Surface & Radiological Anatomy A. Halim
Emery’s Elements Of Medical Genetics Peter D. Turnpenny, Sian Ellard

What are the Top Medical Colleges in India as per NIRF?

Top Medical Colleges in India include several government colleges such as AIIMS, PGIMER, CMC Vellore, etc:

Medical Rankings NIRF 2023 College Name 1st Year Fees (INR)
1 AIIMS 1,628
2 CMC Vellore 48,330
3 BHU Varanasi 13,410
4 Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 17,80,000
5 Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research [JIPMER]  14,920
6 King George`s Medical University 54,900
7 Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai 25,000
8 St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore 7,88,835
AMU, Aligarh 45,690
10 Maulana Azad Medical College - [MAMC], New Delhi 4,450
What are the Top MBBS Govt Colleges?

Some of the top government MBBS colleges are listed in the table below along with their 1st year fees:

College 1st Year Fees (Approximate)
Banaras Hindu University. [BHU] INR 67,050
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research INR 24,850
King George`s Medical University INR 2,74,500
Aligarh Muslim University INR 2,28,450
Maulana Azad Medical College INR 22,200
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital INR 2,50,000
University College of Medical Sciences - [UCMS], New Delhi INR 35,200
Annamalai University - [AU], Chidambaram INR 27,71,850
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences - [SVIMS], Tirupati INR 3,39,500
What are the Top MBBS Private Colleges?

Some of the top private MBBS colleges are listed in the table below along with their 1st year fees:

College 1st Year Fees (Approximate)
Christian Medical College - [CMC], Vellore INR 2,64,150
Kasturba Medical College - [KMC], Manipal INR 17,80,000
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai INR 25,00,000
St John's Medical College, Bangalore INR 7,37,900
Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi INR 18,30,000
Kasturba Medical College - [KMC], Mangalore INR 17,80,000
JSS Medical College and Hospital - [JSSMCH], Mysore INR 18,50,000
Christian Medical College - [CMC], Ludhiana INR 6,60,000
Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth - [DPU], Pune INR 25,00,000
Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University - [SOA], Bhubaneswar INR 19,60,000

What after MBBS Course?

Courses after MBBS provide advanced skills and knowledge about any specific specialization in the medical field. Courses after MBBS include both medical and non-medical courses. MD, MS, and MBA are the top courses after MBBS. 

Course Description Top Colleges Average Fees (INR)
MS Course MS or Master of Surgery is a master-level program lasting for 2 years which can only be done after MBBS. Candidates gain knowledge as well as skills regarding surgical pieces of training.  Top MS Colleges 10,000 - 5,00,000
MD Course MD or Doctor of Medicine course is the most pursued program after MBBS degree. Candidates in this course explore the ways of studying, preventing, diagnosing, and treating various adult diseases.  Top MD Colleges 1,00,000 - 2,00,000
MBA Numerous candidates pursue the MBA course after an MBBS degree, to explore knowledge in a variety of fields. It is primarily a 2-year master's level degree where students learn various management skills.  Top MBA Colleges 2,00,000 - 20,000

** Also Check: MS Specializations / MD Specializations

MBBS Jobs and Scope

MBBS graduates have several job opportunities in the field of medicine. They have the option to work in the government or private sector. The detailed salary of each type of doctor is given below:

Job Roles Average Annual Salary
General Physician INR 8 - 15 LPA
Dermatologist INR 6 - 7 LPA
Epidemiologist INR 5 - 13 LPA
Pathologist INR 17 - 20 LPA
Dentist INR 5 - 9 LPA
Occupational Therapist INR 2 - 4 LPA
Ayurvedic Doctor INR 6 - 10 LPA
Medical Officer INR 6 - 8 LPA
Odontologist INR 5 - 8 LPA
Cardiologist INR 5 - 15 LPA
What is MBBS?

MBBS, short for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, is an undergraduate medical program spanning 5.5 years. It is pursued by individuals aspiring to become doctors and contribute to healthcare. Obtaining an MBBS degree is essential for practicing medicine, diagnosing illnesses, prescribing medication, and performing surgeries.

How long does MBBS last?

The entire duration of the MBBS program is 5.5 years, comprising 4.5 years of academic coursework and a mandatory 1-year internship.

Can I pursue MBBS without NEET?

No, in India, NEET qualification is mandatory for students aspiring to pursue MBBS.

How many entrance exams are required for MBBS?

Only one entrance exam, NEET, is required for admission to MBBS programs. The admission process includes two stages: the NEET exam and subsequent counselling sessions. Once selected through this process, candidates are admitted to their respective colleges.

Is pursuing an MBBS from a private college worthwhile?

Yes, pursuing an MBBS from any private college can be worthwhile, provided that students excel in their academic studies and achieve satisfactory results. However, opting for an MBBS program at a government college can significantly reduce costs for students.