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MBBS: Full Form, Course Duration, Fees, Abroad, Subjects, Syllabus, Doctor Salary in India

Sukanta Das

Content Curator

Updated On - Jun 17,2023

NEET is the exam used for MBBS admission. According to the NEET score, colleges are assigned to students. On June 14, 2023, the NEET Score 2023 was made public. For students to be eligible to take the NEET Exam, they must be older than 17 and have taken Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology as required courses in class 12.Nine semesters and 19 subjects make up the MBBS curriculum. The three categories of MBBS subjects are Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical.Doctors can be made after completing the MBBS programme. Doctors start up making between INR 4-6 LPA. The options for doctors can include working in commercial and public hospitals, railroads, and the armed forces. Know More Details About Bachelor Of Medicine,Bachelor Of Surgery.

What exactly is MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery)?

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery is the full form of MBBS. The abbreviation MBBS is short for "Medicine Baccalaureate Baccalaureate Surgery." Students who aspire to become doctors and help people undertake the 5.5-year MBBS undergraduate medical degree programme. The professional degree of MBBS is necessary to practise medicine, diagnose illnesses, write prescriptions, and perform surgery. In the 91,927 seats that are open for MBBS, 48,012 (52%) are government seats, while 43,915 (48%) are private seats. For Free Admission Bachelor Of Medicine,Bachelor Of Surgery ( M.B.B.S )

Course Details Of MBBS

MBBS Full Form Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
MBBS Full Form in Latin Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae
MBBS Course duration 5 years 6 months
MBBS Admission NEET
MBBS Syllabus 19 subjects
MBBS abroad MBBS in USA, MBBS in UK, MBBS in Russia, MBBS in Canada
Medical Colleges in India AIIMS, PGIMER, CMC Vellore, etc
MBBS Course Fees Govt: INR 1628 - 20,000
Private: INR 3,00,000 - 56,00,000
MBBS Jobs Doctors

For More Details About Bachelor Of Medicine,Bachelor Of Surgery M.B.B.S Syllabus

MBBS Curriculum

Pre-clinical, Paraclinical, and Clinical are the 3 chapters that make up the 5.5-year MBBS Syllabus. Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, Pharmacology, Community Medicine, Dermatology and Venereology, Surgery, Orthopaedics, and other medical specialties are covered in the MBBS Syllabus. 

Check Detailed Syllabus

MBBS 1st Year Subjects MBBS 2nd Year Subjects
MBBS 3rd Year Subjects MBBS Final Year Subjects

The table below contains comprehensive details regarding the MBBS Syllabus:

Semesters Subjects Covered
Semesters 1-2 (Pre-Clinical) Anatomy
Semesters 3-5 (Para Clinical) Community Medicine
Forensic Medicine
Clinical postings in Wards
Semesters 6-9 (Clinical) Community Medicine
Medicine and allied subjects
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Surgery and allied subjects
Clinical postings

Books Of MBBS

Books Author
Human Anatomy For Upper Limb, Lower Limb, Thorax And Abdomen B. D Chaurasia
Clinical Anatomy Snell
Textbook of Physiology A. K. Jain
Carbs, Proteins, and Fat Metabolism Satyanarayan
Head and Neck Vishram Singh
Gray's Anatomy For Students Henry Gray
Medical Physiology Guyton And Hall
Molecular Biology Vasudevan

Skill Required Of MBBS

Ability to be under pressure for long hours Interpersonal Skills
Analytical abilities Time Management
Leadership Emotional Intelligence
Handling Stress Communication skills (Especially bedside manner)
Patience Decision-making abilities

Course Duration Of MBBS

The location from which the student is pursuing the MBBS course will determine the MBBS Duration. Students who wish to pursue MBBS in India should be aware that the programme lasts five years and is followed by a six-month internship that is required. 

Destination Course Duration Average Course Fees (INR)
MBBS in India 5 Year and 6 Months 5,000 - 19,00,000
MBBS in USA 4 Years to 7 Years 1,76,56,900 - 3,98,33,200
MBBS in UK 5 Years to 6 Years 1,40,61,620 - 3,19,59,600
MBBS in Canada 3 Years to 4 Years 1,12,51,794 - 2,25,67,100
MBBS in Germany 6 Years 17,67,526 - 1,61,72,870
MBBS in France 8 Years to 11 Years 54,79,300
MBBS in China 6 Years 19,83,876
MBBS in Ukraine 6 Years 1,44,657 - 3,47,170
MBBS in Russia 5 Years and 8 Months 3,30,650 - 5,37,300
MBBS in Netherlands 6 Years 2,06,653 - 9,09,200

Admission to Medical School

The sole criterion for MBBS admission is the MCI entrance tests. If a student doesn't take the MBBS entrance exam, they won't be able to enrol. The sole MBBS entrance test in India, NEET, allows candidates to enrol in UG Ayush, BDS, and MBBS programmes. 

Eligibility Of MBBS

Particulars Details
NEET Qualifying Exams Passed 12th with Physics, Chemistry Biology from a recognized institute
Minimum Age Requirement for NEET 17 years
MBBS Entrance exams NEET
Qualifying Marks Unreserved - 50%, OBC/ST/SC - 40%, PwD - 45%

Entrance Exams NEET Dates Of MBBS

Important Events Dates
NEET 2023 Notification by NTA March 6, 2023
NEET 2023 Application Form Release Date March 6, 2023
Last date to fill NEET 2023 Application Form April 6, 2023 (11:50 PM)
NEET 2023 Application Correction April 8 to 10, 2023 (11:50 PM)
NEET 2023 Registration April 12 to 15, 2023 (11:30 PM)
City Intimation Slip April 30, 2023
NEET 2023 Admit Card May 4, 2023 (11:30 AM onwards)
NEET 2023 Exam Date May 7, 2023
NEET 2023 Exam Date for Manipur Candidates June 6, 2023
NEET 2023 Exam Time 2:00 PM to 5:20 PM
NTA NEET 2023 Answer Key (Out) June 4, 2023
NEET 2023 OMR Sheet Release Date June 4, 2023
NEET 2023 Answer Key and OMR Response Sheet Challenge June 4 to June 6, 2023
NEET 2023 Result Date June 13, 2023
NEET 2023 Cut off Marks June 13, 2023
NEET 2023 Merit List release date By June 15, 2023
NEET 2023 Counselling begins July 2023

Cut Off Of NEET

The NEET exam score is what determines admission to Top Medical Colleges in India. The following is a list of top colleges' NEET Cut Offs:

College Name Category NEET Cut Off 2022
AIIMS New Delhi General 55
ST 3087
SC 965
OBC 242
EWS 195
JIPMER General 302
ST 10225
SC 7244
OBC 764
EWS 1060
King George's Medical University General 1026
ST 46774
SC 18013
OBC 2029
EWS 1844
Maulana Azad Medical College General 91
ST 3385
SC 1573
OBC 312
EWS 311
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College General 129
ST 3702
SC 1964
OBC 393
EWS 349
University College Of Medical Sciences General 191
ST 5602
SC 3227
OBC 467
EWS 602
Regional Institute Of Medical Sciences, Imphal General 6677
ST 57259
SC 52433
OBC 12452
EWS 13626
Sri Venkateswara Institute Of Medical Sciences General 10170
ST 72713
SC 62554
OBC 13715
EWS 13465

Seats of MBBS in India

Mansukh Mandaviya, the Union Minister of Health, claims that there are 648 medical colleges in India, 355 of which are public and 293 private. In 2022, 96,077 seats will be available for MBBS students. 

State/UT No. of Govt. MBBS Seats No. of Private MBBS Seats Total no. of MBBS Seats
Uttar Pradesh 4,303 4,750 9,053
Delhi 1,247 250 1,497
Andaman & Nicobar Islands 100 0 100
Andhra Pradesh 2,485 2,850 5,335
Arunachal Pradesh 50 0 50
Assam 1,150 0 1,150
Bihar 1,515 900 2,415
Chandigarh 150 0 150
Chhattisgarh 965 600 1,565
Dadra and Nagar Haveli 150 0 150
Goa 180 0 180
Gujarat 3,700 2,000 5,700
Haryana 710 950 1,660
Himachal Pradesh 770 150 920
Jammu and Kashmir 1,047 100 1,147
Jharkhand 680 250 930
Karnataka 3,150 6,995 10,145
Kerala 1,555 2,700 4,255
Madhya Pradesh 2,180 1,900 4,080
Maharashtra 4,825 5,070 9,895
Manipur 225 150 375
Meghalaya 50 0 50
Mizoram 100 0 100
Odisha 1,375 750 2,125
Puducherry 380 1,250 1,630
Punjab 800 950 1,750
Rajasthan 3,055 950 4,005
Sikkim 0 150 150
Tamil Nadu 5,225 5,500 10,725
Telangana 1,840 3,200 5,040
Tripura 125 100 225
Uttarakhand 700 450 1,150
West Bengal 3,225 1,000 4,225
Total 48,012 43,915 91,927

State Admission Of MBBS

Pondicherry MBBS UP MBBS
Telangana MBBS Meghalaya MBBS
Gujrat MBBS Goa MBBS
Karnataka MBBS Delhi MBBS
Jammu and Kashmir MBBS Haryana MBBS
West Bengal MBBS Rajasthan MBBS
Madhya Pradesh MBBS Tamil Nadu MBBS
Orissa MBBS Uttarakhand MBBS
Maharashtra MBBS Kerala MBBS
Arunachal Pradesh MBBS Chandigarh MBBS
Bihar MBBS Jharkhand MBBS
Andhra Pradesh MBBS Tripura MBBS
Punjab MBBS Assam MBBS
Chattisgarh MBBS -

India's Top Medical Universities

Top medical schools in India are typically public institutions. Some of the leading universities include AIIMS, PGIMER, and CMC Vellore. The states with the most medical colleges in the nation are Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Delhi. 

Medical Rankings NIRF 2023 College Name Average Fees (INR)
1 AIIMS 1,628
2 PGIMER 6,035
3 CMC Vellore 48,330
4 National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Bangalore 22,550
5 Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research 4,970
6 Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham 19,00,000
8 Banaras Hindu University 13,410
9 Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 17,80,000
11 Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital 6,80,000
12 King George`s Medical University 54,900

Location Wise MBBS Colleges in India

Location No. of Colleges Average Fee
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Delhi 36+ INR 5,00,000 - INR 25,00,000
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Mumbai 6+ INR 5,00,000 - INR 35,00,000
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Chennai 20+ INR 5,00,000 - INR 25,00,000
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Bangalore 16+ INR 7,50,000 - INR 10,00,000
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Kolkata 11+ INR 3,50,000 - INR 25,00,000
Top MBBS Colleges in Hyderabad 7+ INR 3,00,000 - INR 10,00,000
Top MBBS Colleges in Pune 9+ INR 5,00,000 - INR 25,00,000
Top MBBS Colleges in Jaipur 6+ INR 5,00,000 - INR 25,00,000
Top MBBS Colleges in Lucknow 8+ INR 5,00,000 - INR 15,00,000
Top MBBS Colleges in Ahmedabad 5+ INR 5,00,000 - INR 15,00,000

Top MBBS Govt Colleges

College Average Fee
Banaras Hindu University. [BHU] INR 67,050
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research INR 24,850
King George`s Medical University INR 2,74,500
Aligarh Muslim University INR 2,28,450
Maulana Azad Medical College INR 22,225
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital INR 2,50,000
University College of Medical Sciences - [UCMS], New Delhi INR 35,225
Annamalai University - [AU], Chidambaram INR 27,71,850
Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences - [SVIMS], Tirupati INR 3,39,500

Top MBBS Private Colleges

College Average Fee
Christian Medical College - [CMC], Vellore INR 2,64,150
Kasturba Medical College - [KMC], Manipal INR 17,80,000
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai INR 25,00,000
St John's Medical College, Bangalore INR 7,37,900
Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi INR 18,30,000
Kasturba Medical College - [KMC], Mangalore INR 17,80,000
JSS Medical College and Hospital - [JSSMCH], Mysore INR 18,50,000
Christian Medical College - [CMC], Ludhiana INR 6,60,000
Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth - [DPU], Pune INR 25,00,000
Siksha 'O' Anusandhan University - [SOA], Bhubaneswar INR 19,60,000

MBBS Abroad

After completing the programme, students who pursue medical degrees abroad can find more lucrative employment prospects. Students have the opportunity to attend universities with top-notch facilities and faculties. The table below provides more information about the typical cost of study, which ranges from INR 15 to 50 LPA:

Location No. of Colleges Average Fee (per year)
Check Top MBBS Colleges in UK 114+ INR 50,00,000
Check Top MBBS Colleges in USA 771+ INR 50,00,000
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Australia 51+ INR 30,000,00
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Canada 120+ INR 25,00,000
Check Top MBBS Colleges in Russia 57+ INR 5,00,000

Why MBBS Study Abroad

  • MBBS in the UK: Compared to other nations, the UK's MBBS programme is completed in just 5–6 years. 43 of the top 650 medical schools in the world are located in the UK. Additionally, in order to practise medicine in India, MBBS graduates from UK universities are exempt from taking the Foreign Medical Graduate Examination.
  • MBBS in the USA: With an average mid-career salary of 223,000 USD (1.84 crores INR) for MBBS graduates in the USA, MBBS in the USA gives international students a significant return on their investment. More importantly, in order to practise medicine in India, MBBS graduates from American universities are not required to take the Foreign Medical Graduate Examination.
  • MBBS in Russia: The cost of MBBS in Russia is approximately 3,87,828 RUB (4.45 lakhs INR), which is much cheaper than the cost in other nations such as the USA, UK, Singapore, etc. The cost of taking these exams is further decreased by the fact that Russian medical universities do not require the results of language competence tests like the TOEFL or IELTS.
  • MBBS in Canada: A 3–4 year programme, MBBS in Canada is also known as a Doctor of Medicine or MD in Canada. To practise medicine in India, Indian students with MBBS degrees from Canadian universities are exempt from taking the MCI screening exam.

Scholarships Of MBBS

Indian MBBS Scholarships offer financial support for the study of medicine and persuade people to pursue it. The Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test, the Vijayalakshmi R.L. Jalappa Scholarship, and the Vahani Scholarship are a few of the best scholarships; more information is provided in the table below.

Scholarship Name Eligibility for MBBS Scholarships Amount
Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test The scholarship is available to the 1st or 2nd-year students, who have enrolled in either MBBS, BHMS, BDS, or BAMS degree. Candidates clearing their 12h standards with the science stream can also apply. The scholarship is also available to the 3rd and 4th-year students if they apply under the Senior II category. INR 50,000
Bharati Scheme for Education Brahmin families from Andhra Pradesh can apply for this scholarship. Also, the family income of the candidates should not be more than INR 3 lakhs. INR 20,000
Vijayalakshmi R.L. Jalappa Scholarship The candidate should be from the Arya Idiga community and also be a resident of either Bangalore Rural or Urban Chikkaballapura, Kolar, Ramanagara, Mandya, Chamarajanagar, Tumkur, Mysore, Chitradurga, Hassan, Davanagere, and Bellary. The candidate should secure minimum aggregate marks of 60%, and both members of the candidate’s family should have BPL cards. Provides financial assistance to the selected ones.
Vahani Scholarship The student must be a class 12 applicant and must face challenging circumstances. Entire course fee of the bachelor's program.
HDFC Educational Crisis Scholarship Candidates from classes 6 to 12 from government-aided or private schools or having experienced any unfortunate event in the last 2 years. INR 10,000 to INR 25,000

After-MBBS courses

After-MBBS courses give students enhanced knowledge and abilities in any area of medical specialisation. After MBBS, there are both medical and non-medical courses available. After MBBS, the best programmes are MD, MS, and MBA. 

Course Explanation Top Colleges Average Fees (INR)
MS Course MS or Master of Surgery is a master-level program lasting for 2 years. Here candidates gain knowledge as well as skills regarding surgical pieces of training. Candidates are only eligible to pursue the MS course only if they have an MBBS degree. Check Colleges 10,000 - 5,00,000
MD Course MD or Doctor of Medicine course is the most pursued program after the MBBS degree. Candidates in this course explore the ways of studying, preventing, diagnosing, and treating various adult diseases. The eligibility for the MD course is having an MBBS degree from a recognized educational institute. Check Colleges 1,00,000 - 2,00,000
MBA Numerous candidates pursue the MBA course after the MBBS degree, to explore knowledge in a variety of fields. It is primarily a 2-year master's level degree where students learn various management skills. Candidates generally need to get qualified in the entrance exams to get admission to this course. Check Colleges 2,00,000 - 20,000

How can become a physician

  • After completing their secondary education, students must choose science if they want to become doctors.
  • Students must pursue MBBS or BPT/BMS for specialised education after completing their 12th grade.
  • Students must be NEET-eligible to apply for MBBS. Keep in mind that the cut-off is high for government colleges with lower tuition.
  • After the NEET cutoff, students receive NEET counselling and are admitted to the college.
  • The MBBS programme lasts for 5.5 years (including an internship year), but students must complete an MD to obtain a licence to work in a primary health centre, business organisation, hospital, etc.

Types of physicians

Doctors of various specialties can identify the underlying cause of illness or discomfort by specialising in certain aspects of human anatomy. Each category calls for various study methods and courses. According to their preferences and areas of interest, candidates can receive training to become a cardiologist, general physician, gynaecologist, or any other specialty. For more information, students can look at the table below: