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Doctor Of Medicine [MD] 2024 - Full Form, Course Details, Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Duration

Waytoadmissions
Sukanta Das

Content Curator

Updated On - Feb 08,2024

Doctor Of Medicine MD Admission Process is mainly based on an entrance exam such as NEET PG for all national institutions and INI CET for some colleges such as AIIMS. AIIMS, King George Medical University, JIPMER, and other renowned MD colleges are located in India.The first degrees in medicine were MBBS and MD. For a higher scope and remuneration, physicians choose MD following MBBS. MD is a graduate programme, and MBBS is a double degree undergraduate programme. In the beginning of his or her career, an MD doctor makes between INR 6 and 9 LPA. Students who are interested in the non-surgical portion of treatment pursue MD degrees, whilst those who are interested in the surgical portion pursue MS degrees after completing their MBBS degrees. MD A doctor aids in precise diagnosis and treatment of diseases.Know More Details About Doctor Of Medicine

Course Information Of MD

After earning an MBBS degree, students often pursue the popular master's level specialised programme known as Doctor of Medicine, or MD. A candidate for an MD course is able to acquire in-depth knowledge coupled with practical training in a variety of fields, such as general medicine, anatomy, radiotherapy, etc.Hospitals and clinics, research and educational institutions, biomedical and pharmaceutical firms, the military, and other professions frequently hire graduates with this degree. Bacteriologist, obstetrician, general practitioner, anesthesiologist, and other top career descriptions for MD graduates.

Course Name Doctor of Medicine
MD Course Duration 3 Years
MD Course Eligibility Must complete MBBS
MD Entrance Exam NEET PG, JIPMER, AIIMS PG, PGIMER
MD Colleges DMCH, IMS Varanasi, Assam Medical College
MD Average Fees INR 10- 12 Lakh
MD Average Salary INR 6 - 8 Lakhs

Why Take an MD Course

A person can gain a lot of advantages by enrolling in an MD programme. Verify them in the areas below.

  • nice Compensation - Applicants with an MD degree make a nice living. In India, a doctor's annual pay is about 6.9 lakh rupees.
  • Job Security - One of the safest professions in the world is that of a doctor. A doctor will always be needed as long as life exists. When a pandemic, terrible storm, or other disaster strikes, you will always need a doctor. As a result, doctors enjoy high job security.
  • Patients place more trust in MD programmes since students can specialise in becoming doctors of medicine. 
  • Work for Reputable Companies: An MD graduate has a variety of professional options. People are taught to work for a variety of industries and well-known companies including Apollo Hospital, Amway, Fortis Hospital, Sun Pharma, and Ranbaxy, among others.
  • Employment Possibilities - People with MD degrees are in high demand, and there are many employment possibilities for them. Since doctors are consulted in every corner of the world according to demands, MD graduates will be able to find employment wherever. The most well-known careers for MD graduates are those in the fields of endocrinology, anaesthesia, paediatrics, general surgery, etc.

Who Should Enrol in the MD Programme

Candidates who meet the following requirements should enrol in the MD programme.

  • To enrol in the MD programme, candidates must possess both a caring nature and a humble mindset.
  • As candidates must conduct their own research and consult with other medical professionals about various therapies, communication skills are crucial.
  • Candidates need to be patient and able to work hard for a long time in demanding conditions.
  • Students enrolled in the MD programme must be committed to their careers and should achieve their daily objectives.
  • Additionally, students with good time management and collaboration abilities may pursue the MD programme.

Admission by MD

Admission to the MD programme is mostly determined by looking at applicants' performance on the admission tests. But in other colleges, students are also chosen depending on how well they performed on their prior exams. 

MD Qualifications

See the points below for the eligibility requirements that applicants must meet in order to be admitted to the MD programme.

  • Candidates must have received their MBBS from a reputable medical school.
  • To qualify for the NEET PG entrance test, which would get them admission to this programme, candidates must have at least a 50% overall score.

Entrance based on merit

  • Candidates must submit their applications through the college's official website.
  • The next step is to create an application ID and complete the application form with the necessary information.
  • Candidates must wait until the college releases its merit list on a certain date. Candidates must show up on the college campus if their names are on the list.
  • This will come after the counselling stage, and the seat will then be allocated in accordance with that.

Admission Based on Entrance

  • Candidates for entrance-based admission must visit the college's official website to learn which entrance examinations are approved by that institution for the MD programme.
  • Candidates must then register for the exam and submit an application on the official website of the organisation that administers it.
  • Candidates who pass the exam will be able to apply on the college's official website.
  • Create an application ID, complete the application form with the required information, and upload the results of the entrance exam.
  • On a given date, a merit list will be released, and if candidates' names are on the list, they may have to compete in the interview round or group discussion, which will decide their final selection.

Entrance Exams Of MD

NEET PG, AIIMS PG, JIPMER, PGIMER, and other well-known entrance exams for the MD programme are just a few examples. Check out the section below for a quick summary and their dates.

Exam Name Registration Period Exam Date
NEET PG December 2023 - January 2024 March , 2024
INI CET September 2024 - September 2024 November 2024

After MBBS MD Courses

The specialisations that applicants can choose from in the MD programme are shown below.

MD General Medicine Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Radiology)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Homoeopathy) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Ayurveda)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Pharmacology) Doctor of Medicine [MD] (Dermatology)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Microbiology) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Radiodiagnosis)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Anaesthesia) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Biochemistry)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Community Medicine) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Radiotherapy)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Physiology) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Forensic Medicine)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Orthopaedics) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Pulmonary Medicine)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Sports Medicine) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Gastroenterology)
Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Anesthesiology) Doctorate of Medicine [MD] (Endocrinology)

Medical Doctor

One of the most sought-after specialisations within the MD programme is the doctorate of medicine in medicine, or simply MD Medicine. The three-year postgraduate programme allows students to study adult disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment options. 

To be admitted to this programme, applicants must hold an MBBS degree from an accredited university. An MD Medicine graduate could earn an average beginning salary of roughly INR 3 lakhs, while the average course expense for the degree is INR 1 lakh.

Pathology MD

MD pathology is a very well-liked MD specialty. There are currently 4500 certified pathologists in India, all of whom obtained their degrees from one of the numerous MD institutions in the country. Students study diagnosis, testing, and several treatment modalities employing diverse genetic technologies during the course's three-year duration.

Candidates who wish to study MD Pathology must have their MBBS from a university accredited by the Medical Council of India. While the beginning income for MD Pathology graduates might range from INR 1,00,000 to 12,00,0000, the typical course price for this programme is between INR 5,00,000 and 25,00,000.

Paediatrician MD

Medical care for newborns, children, and adolescents is the focus of the three-year postgraduate degree in paediatrics. Additionally in high demand is this area of the MD programme. In all, 1500 students graduate with an MD in paediatrics from Indian paediatrics colleges.

Candidates for the MD in Paediatrics degree must possess an MBBS from an accredited university. The MD Paediatrics program's education costs range from INR 5,000 to INR 25,00,000, and graduates can expect to earn an annual salary of between INR 80,000 to INR 12,00,000.

MD in Psychiatry

Doctorate in psychiatry A three-year postgraduate programme in medicine that focuses on a man's mental health is called psychiatry. In this course, students gain knowledge of medical procedures, diagnosis, and training in the treatment of a particular patient's emotional, mental, and behavioural issues.

Basic requirements for pursuing an MD in psychiatry include holding a degree in one of the above fields: BDS, MBBS, DHMS, DMS, BAMS, BHMS, BEMS, BASM, BNYT, BIAMS, BATS, BPT, BUMS, IAMS, B.Pharma, N.O., or M.D(A.M). The average cost of an MD in Psychiatry is INR 25,000 to 20 Lacs, and graduates of this programme may expect to make an annual salary of INR 2 to 30 Lacs.

Syllabus Of MD

The table below contains the MD program's course outline.

Semester I Semester II
Recent advances in Medicine Diagnostic investigation and procedures
Applied basic science knowledge Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology
Diseases with reference to General Medicine -
Semester III Semester IV
Counseling patients and relatives Ward patient management
Ability to teach undergraduate students Ability to carry out research
Monitoring seriously ill patients OPD patient management
Semester V Semester VI
Ward rounds, case presentations and discussions PG case presentation skills
Long and short topic presentations Journal conferences
Clinico-radiological and clinico-pathological conferences Research review

Course Comparison for MD

Check out the table below for a comparison of the MD course with the MBBS, MS, and DM courses.

What distinguishes the degrees of MD and MBBS

See the table below for a comparison of the MD and MBBS course offerings.

Parameters MD MBBS
Full Form Doctor of Medicine Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery
Domain Medicine Medicine
Duration 3 years 5.5 years
Examination Type Yearly System Semester Wise
Admission Process Merit/ Entrance Entrance
Eligibility Criteria MBBS from a recognized University Passed 12th with Physics, Chemistry Biology from a recognised institute
Average Course Fees INR 1-2 Lacs per annum INR 5 to 50 lacs per annum
Average Salary INR 3-6 Lacs per annum INR 5 - 12 lacs per annum
Top Job Profiles Bacteriologist, Anesthesiologists, General Practitioners, Chiropodist, etc. Physician, Medical Officer, Pediatrician, Medical Surgeon, Medical Coder, etc.
Top Recruiting Areas Hospitals and Clinics, Biomedical and Pharmaceutical companies, Military Service, Research and Educational Institutes, etc. Biomedical Companies, Hospitals, Laboratories, Polyclinics, Health Centres, Polyclinics, Medical Colleges, etc.

MD vs MS

After MBBS, the two most popular postgraduate programmes are MD and MS. Students who want to specialise in surgery must enrol in the MS programme, whereas those who want to specialise in non-surgical illness management should enrol in the MD programme. View the table below for a course comparison between MD and MS.

Parameters MD MS
Full Form Doctor of Medicine Master of Surgery
Domain Medicine Surgery
Duration 3 years 3 years
Examination Type Yearly System Semester System
Admission Process Merit/ Entrance Merit/ Entrance
Eligibility Criteria MBBS from a recognized University MBBS from a recognized University
Average Course Fees INR 1-2 Lacs per annum INR 20,000 to 10,50,000
Average Salary INR 3-6 Lacs per annum INR 300,000 - INR 500,000 per annum
Top Job Profiles Bacteriologist, Anesthesiologists, General Practitioners, Chiropodist, etc. General Surgeon, Gynecologist, ENT surgeons, Neurosurgeon, etc.
Top Recruiting Areas Hospitals and Clinics, Biomedical and Pharmaceutical companies, Military Service, Research and Educational Institutes, etc. Hospitals, Clinics, Healthcare Centres, etc.

MD vs DM

Check out the table below for a comparison of the MD and DM courses.

Parameters MD DM
Full Form Doctor of Medicine Doctorate of Medicine
Domain Medicine Medicine
Duration 3 years 3 Years
Examination Type Yearly System Semester-System
Admission Process Merit/ Entrance Entrance and/or Merit-based depending on the university chosen by the candidate.
Eligibility Criteria MBBS from a recognized University MBBS degree from a recognized educational institute.
Average Course Fees INR 1-2 Lacs per annum INR 42,000 to INR 12,00,000
Average Salary INR 3-6 Lacs per annum INR 10,00,000 per annum
Top Job Profiles Bacteriologists, Anesthesiologists, General Practitioners, chiropodists, etc. Radiologist, Pathologist, Psychiatrist, Healthcare Consultant, Anesthesiologist, etc.
Top Recruiting Areas Hospitals and Clinics, Biomedical and Pharmaceutical companies, Military Service, Research and Educational Institutes, etc. Hospitals, Pharmaceutical companies, Laboratories, Health Centres, Polyclinics, etc.

MD Colleges

In India, there are more than 600 MD colleges, of which 55% are private and 40% are public. Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata are among the Indian cities where the majority of MD colleges are located. Check out the table below for the best MD schools in India.

Medical Schools in Karnataka

The names and costs of the best private and public colleges in Karnataka are listed here. 

College Name Fees (INR)
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal 19,80,000
St. John Medical College, Banglore 8,89,570
Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore 4,85,000
JSS Medical College, and Hospital 16,12,500
RAMAIAH Medical College, Banglore 11,50,205
Bangalore Medical College, and Research Institute, Banglore 1,13,900
KS HEGDE Medical Academy, Mangalore 1,90,000
Belagavi Institute of Medical Sciences, Belagavi 36,500
Jawahar Nehru Medical College, Belagavi 14,000
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal 19,80,000

Maharashtra's medical schools

The names and costs of the top private and public colleges in Maharashtra are shown below.

College Name Fees (INR)
DR DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune 28,00,000
Armed Forces Medical College, Pune 34,000
Seth G.S Medical College, Mumbai 54,700
Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha 58,500
Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai 91,800
Byramjee Jeejbhoy Government Medical School 74,400
K.J Somaiya Medical College & Research Centre 8,00,000
DR Dy Patil Medical College and Research Centre 1,00,000

Medicine schools in Tamil Nadu

The names and costs of the top private and public colleges in Tamil Nadu are shown here.

College Name Fees (INR)
Christian Medical College, Vellore 1,47,800
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research Centre 29,00,000
SRM Institute of Science & Technology, Chennai 3,00,000
Saveetha Medical College, Chennai 20,00,000
Annamalai University, Chidabaram 9,60,00
Madras Medical College, Chennai 2,78,000
Shri Ramchandra Medical College, Chennai 20,00,000
Viayaka Missions University, Salem 38,15,000

MD institutions in Uttar Pradesh

The names and costs of the top private and public colleges in Uttar Pradesh are shown below.

College Name Fees (INR)
Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow 72,800
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 14,276
King George’s Medical University, Lucknow 1,08,200
Institute of Medical Sciences, Varanasi 61,780
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh 32,445
Baba Raghav Das Medical College, Gorakhpur 30,000
Teerthanker Mahaveer Univeristy, Moradabad 8,60,000
Sharda University, Greater Noida 9,23,000

Medical Schools in Kerala

The names and costs of the top private and public colleges in Kerela are shown below.

College Name Fees (INR)
Amrita School of Medicine, Kochi 22,00,000
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeeth Amitapuri Campus, Kollam 3,00,000
Government Homoeopathic Medical College, Calicut 15,250
Poomully Neelakandan Namboodiripad Memorial Ayurvedic Medical College, Palakkad 20,700
Pankaj Kasthuri Ayurveda Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram 20,700
Ananthapuri Hospital and Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram 2,50,000
Dr, Somervell Memorial Csi Medical College and Hospital, Thiruvananthapuram 14,00,000
Government Ayurveda College, Thiruvananthapuram 20,925
Thrissur Government Medical College, Thrissur 34,510

MD institutions in Delhi

The names and costs of the top private and public colleges in Delhi are shown here.

College Name Fees (INR)
All India Institute of Medical Sciences 2,250
Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences 70,000
Maulana Azad Medical College 15,600
Jamia Hmadard University 25,15,000
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College 82,500
University College of Medical Sciences 40,600
Lady Hardinge Medical College 15,600
Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research 15,00,000

MD Colleges Abroad

The USA, UK, Canada, and other countries have some of the finest MD Course colleges in the globe. The programme information and the application process are listed below:

MD schools in the USA

The table below lists the best MD schools in the USA.

College Name Program Details Admission
Harvard University Check Program Details Check Admission
Stanford University Check Program Details Check Admission
Johns Hopkins University Check Program Details Check Admission
Yale University Check Program Details Check Admission
University of California, Los Angeles Check Program Details Check Admission
University of California, San Francisco Check Program Details Check Admission
University of Pennsylvania Check Program Details Check Admission
Columbia University Check Program Details Check Admission
University of California, San Diego Check Program Details Check Admission
Duke University Check Program Details Check Admission

MD schools in the UK

The table below lists the top MD schools in the UK.

College Name Program Details Scholarship
University of Oxford Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Cambridge Check Program Details Check Scholarship
Imperial College, London Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University College, London Check Program Details Check Scholarship
London School of Economics and Political Science Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Edinburgh Check Program Details Check Scholarship
King’s College London Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Manchester Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Warwick Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Glasgow Check Program Details Check Scholarship

Medical Schools in Canada

The table below lists the top MD schools in Canada.

College Name Program Details Scholarship
University of Toronto Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of British Columbia Check Program Details Check Scholarship
McGill University Check Program Details Check Scholarship
Mcmaster University, Hamilton Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Manitoba Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Alberta Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Ottawa Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Calgary Check Program Details Check Scholarship
University of Waterloo Check Program Details Check Scholarship
Simon Fraser University Check Program Details Check Scholarship

Dr. Jobs

It is uncommon for candidates with an MD to be unemployed. MD graduates have a wide range of employment options and opportunity to work in prestigious positions. Look at the table below for the top MD positions.

Job Profile Job Description
Bacteriologist Bacteriologists explore and work on understanding microbes. They work in research laboratories providing research including engineering and life sciences.
Chiropodist Chiropodists are responsible for treating injuries along with other afflictions with the lower limbs and feet.
General Practitioners General Practitioners are responsible for treating various medical conditions and suggest to patients what treatment they should do. They set their focus on a person’s health combining their psychological, physical and social aspects of care.
Anesthesiologists Anesthesiologists are responsible for evaluating, monitoring as well as supervising a patient’s care before, during and after surgery at the time of delivering anesthesia. They specialize in pain management, anesthesia care, and critical care medicine.
Obstetrician Obstetricians provide surgical care of women as well as their children at the time of pregnancy, childbirth, along with puerperium and postnatal care.

MD Payscale

Check the salaries of various MD grads based on the positions they have.

MD Jobs MD Salary (per annum)
Bacteriologist INR 7.72 lakhs
Chiropodist INR 16 lakhs
General Practitioners INR 7 lakhs
Anesthesiologists INR 12 lakhs
Obstetrician INR 15 lakhs

Can I pursue an MD after I graduate from high school?

When candidates have earned their MBBS bachelor's degree in one of several specialisations, they are eligible to enrol in the MD programme. In the MD programme, students examine topics such as medical principles, the study of human structures, forensic medicine, social medicine, and preventive medicine, among others.

What are the costs for the MD programme?

The typical cost of the MD programme is between INR 10K and INR 15L. The average income for MD graduates ranges from 2.5 to 20 lac rupees.

After MBBS, which MD is the best?

After completing the MBBS programme, it is advised to pursue an MD or Doctor of Medicine in Anatomy. This is especially true for people who want to work as professors in medical schools or hospitals or in other relevant fields.

Which doctoral degree is the best?

The Doctor of Medicine (MD) is the most often used and favoured doctoral degree at the master's level in medicine. Statistics show that there are 19,953 seats available for the MD programme in India.

Is an MD required after MBBS?

The MD programme is not at all required to be pursued after the MBBS programme. After MBBS, it is advised to continue your education, however it depends on your personal interests.