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Master of Law [LLM] 2024 - Full Form, Course Details, Eligibility, Admission, Syllabus, Duration

Waytoadmissions
Sukanta Das

Content Curator

Updated On - Feb 07,2024

Master of Legislative Laws (LLM) is a two-year postgraduate law degree. Through extensive research in that topic of law, LLM assists in gaining in-depth knowledge of that field of law. The Master of Laws programme provides a number of specialisations, including criminal law, corporate law, business law, and international law.For More Details About Master of Legislative Laws.

Students must complete either a 3-year LLB degree or a 5-year BA LLB, BSc LLB, or BBA LLB degree with aggregate scores of 50–60% to be eligible for an LLM. LLM Admission 2023 is based on results from a variety of law admission tests, including CLAT and LSAT, as well as other university-level exams, like IPU CET and DU LLM.NLSIU Bangalore, India, the National Law University of India in Delhi, West Bengali National University of Juridical Science, etc. are a few of the best LLM colleges that grant LLM degrees. Law school tuition typically costs between INR 1,00,000 and 2,50,000. Law and Change in India, Constitutionalism, Legal Research and Methodology, Judicial Process, and other topics are included in the LLM syllabus. View More: Steps for Becoming a Judge. See More About LLM Syllabus

LLM programmes might be Online, Distance Learning, or Part-Time. LLM Online is available in foreign colleges but is not offered in India. In several colleges in India, including Acharya Naga College, Jamia Milia Islamia University, The W.B. National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), NLU Jodhpur, and National Law University, the Master of Legislative Laws is offered in a part-time and distance-learning format School of India University. The duration of the LLM course varies from one country to another. In India the average duration of an LLM course is 2 years. However in UK, USA and Canada is 2.5 years, 1 year, 2 years respectively. For Free Application LLM Courses

Course Information Of LLM

  • LLM qualifying requirements include a three-year LLB degree or a five-year BA, BSc, or BCA LLB degree with 50–60% grades from an accredited institution.
  • The cost of an LLM varies between INR 1,00,000 at public universities and INR 4,00,000 at private universities. LLM programmes cost just INR 18,000 at LLM colleges like Jamia Millia Islamia.
  • National Law Institute University, National Law School of India University (NLSIU), NALSAR University of Law, and others are among the best LLM colleges in India.
  • To gain worldwide recognition, students can also pursue an LLM abroad at institutions like Harvard University, the London School of Economics, Cambridge, etc.
  • Annamalai University offers LLM Distance Education for a reasonable fee of INR 19,300.
  • Among the LLM specialisations available to students are Depending on their interests and preferences, they could choose criminal law, corporate law, etc. Examine LLM Jobs
  • After an LLM, candidates who want to pursue a career in legal study and instruction can choose an LLD (Doctor of Law).
  • In addition to working as lawyers, advocates, and other legal professionals with an average LLM Salary of about INR 5–10 LPA, students can find employment in the legal services industry in both the private and public sectors.

Describe LLM

Master of Legislative Laws, or LLM. Law and Social Transformation in India, Constitutionalism, Legal Research and Methodology, Judicial Process, and other topics are all part of the LLM's extensive core curriculum. Numerous specialisations are available in LLM programmes, including those in corporate law, criminal law, international law, and tax law. In the parts that follow, we'll talk more about LLM programmes.

LLM Definition

Students from all academic backgrounds can pursue the LLM, or Master of Laws, which is an internationally recognised postgraduate degree. However, applicants with LLB backgrounds are given precedence. However, those seeking to advance their legal skills in a specific area of law may choose an LLM degree.

LLM: Why

It is essential to enrol in an LLM programme after earning a degree from a prestigious law school. You will be ready to start your legal career with the help of an LLM education. The following are a few of the main justifications for enrolling in LLM courses:

  • Getting Ready for a Global Career Students who pursue LLM degrees with an international law specialisation will be better able to stand out in the global arena and eventually build successful careers in the field.
  • Reduces Your Interests: The LLM programme gives you the opportunity to specialise in a particular area of law, in contrast to undergraduate law courses that cover law in general. This gradually enables you to focus more intently and devote more time to the subject, making you an expert in it.
  • Diverse Specialisations: Students can pick their career from a wide range of specialisations such as international law, corporate law, labour law, human rights, etc. thanks to the variety of specialisations that are available in LLM courses.
  • Obtain a Career in Legal Writing and Research: After receiving your LLM, you may choose to pursue your LLD in order to pursue a career in legal research and writing, depending on your LLM specialisation. 
  • Better Employment Prospects More options and a pay rise are available with an LLM than with a straightforward law bachelor's degree.

who ought to pursue an LLM

  • Students must pass any of the law entrance tests, such as CLAT, LSAT, AILET, etc., as well as their undergraduate degree in law from an accredited university with a minimum of 60% overall in order to pursue a Master of Legislative Laws degree.
  • After graduation, students who desire to work in legal writing or become teachers at prestigious law schools might think about combining LLM and LLD courses.
  • Students who desire to specialise in law and have a career in it should enrol in an LLM programme.
  • Almost any student who is a practising attorney or works in the legal industry may think about pursuing an LLM through distance learning.

Admission Procedure Of LLM

Candidates who want to pursue a Master of Legislative Laws degree must take an entrance exam to be considered for LLM admission to the best legal schools in India.

The admission exams are typically multiple-choice questions (MCQ), however there may be one or a few questions that are subjective. These tests' syllabus typically includes legal and law-based questions that assess the candidates' topic knowledge.

Admission Of LLM

  • Any national or university level entrance exam that a candidate has taken and passed in a law college will be accepted
  • The other major entry tests for LLM programmes include CLAT, IPU-CET, LSAT, DU LLM, AP LAWCET, and others.
  • The cost of the LLM Admission application form is between $750 and $2,000 for ordinary applicants. Reserved courses can anticipate a lower application fee of INR 350.

LLM: Qualifications 

Candidates must meet the requirements listed below in order to be eligible for the Master of Legislative Laws programme:

  • LLB or Bachelor of Law degree with a minimum cumulative GPA of 50% is required.
  • A student must be at least 17 years old to pursue a Master of Legislative Laws degree.

LLM: Admission Tests 

Students who want to enrol in LLM studies must pass the admission exam for the programme. The results of the entrance exam and interview held by the individual Universities are used to determine admission to LLM programmes. 

One can select from a number of entry tests, including CLAT PG, AILET, IPU CET, BHU UET, and others.

Entrance Exam Dates Of LLM

The most recent LLM exam registration and application dates for the academic year 2024 are listed in the table below.

Entrance Exams Registration Dates Exam Dates
CLAT August , 2024 – November , 2024 December , 2024
AILET August , 2024 – September , 2024 December , 2024
IPU CET

March 2024 – April 2024

April 2024

LSAT

November , 2024 – January , 2024

First session – January , 2024

 Second session – June , 2024

TS PGLCET March , 2024 – April , 2024 May , 2024
AP PGLCET To be Announced To be Announced

LLM Preparation for Entrance Exams

One must prepare for the many LLM Entrance tests that are held by numerous universities and institutes in order to enrol in an LLM degree programme. A few fundamental rules to adhere to are covered here in order to successfully pass the LLM entrance exams.

  • Begin Early: Keeping in mind the most recent revisions to the LLM Entrance Exam Syllabus, where the course structure has grown more complex and lengthy, every student should be aware of the ideal time to begin studying for LLM Entrance Examinations. Therefore, it is advised that all LLM candidates who want to pursue this profession dedicate six months to their studies in advance.
  • Subject Analysis: The subjects should be able to be analysed in terms of importance. significant subjects like constitutional law, advanced jurisprudence, international law, etc. should be given more attention than less significant areas.
  • Keep Up to Date: While preparing for LLM Entrance Exams, one should be knowledgeable with current events. They will stay current with all new information and cover secondary topics as a result.

Syllabus Of LLM

A wide range of topics, including Corporate Law, International Trade Laws, and others, are covered in the LLM Syllabus. The table below highlights the topics covered by the LLM course curriculum.

Law and Social Transformation in India Judicial Process Legal Research and Methodology
Alternative Dispute Resolution Constitutionalism Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
International Trade Law Intellectual Property Rights Corporate Law

Subjects Of LLM

For your convenience, the following table includes a list of the subjects that are taught in relation to the different specialisations.

LLM International Law Comparative Public Law International Law and International Relations: Development and Trends
International Organizations Law and Justice in Internationalized World
Law of Sea, Air and Space International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
International Courts and Tribunals International Dispute Resolution Bodies
LLM Corporate Law Financial Models and Derivatives in a Legal Context Banking and Finance Law
Corporate Social Responsibilities and the Law European Law of Capital Markets
European Procurement Law Principles of International Tax Law
LLM Taxation Law General Principles of Taxation Direct Tax Laws
Tax Litigation Indirect Tax laws
International Taxation Corporate Tax
LLM Human Rights Concept of Human Rights & Human Duties Human Rights & Criminal Justice
Constitutional Governance of Human Rights in India International Humanitarian Law
Refugee Law People’s Rights to Self-determination
LLM Constitutional Law Law and Social Transformation in India Constitutionalism: Pluralism & Federalism
Indian Constitutional Law- The New Challenges Judicial Process
Mass Media Law Administrative Process and Judicial Control
LLM Environmental Law International Law and Environmental Protection Nature and Scope of Environmental Law
Environmental Protection and General Civil and Criminal Laws Protection of Environment under the Indian Constitution
Protection of Water, Air and Environment in India Emerging Issues in Environmental Law

Specialization Subjects Of LLM

During this two-year programme, LLM students must select one of the following specialisations in addition to the basic disciplines. Numerous specialisations, including those in criminal law, corporate law, business law, labour law, etc., are further divided into separate subjects, each of which deals with a unique set of legal complexities.

LLM Corporate Law Top Colleges LLM Criminal Law Top Colleges
LLM Civil Law Top Colleges LLM Intellectual Property Law Top Colleges
LLM International Law Top Colleges LLM Human Rights Top Colleges

For your reference, the table below includes an extensive discussion of specialisations and their branches.

International Law Of LLM

LLM International Law focuses on the investigation of legal systems from other nations and organisations. Given the job options that allow students to work overseas, the LLM in International Law is a widely sought-after specialisation in India. 

Among the topics covered in the LLM in International Law are.

  • International Relations, 
  • International Law,
  • Comparative Law: Developments and Trends
  • International bodies for conflict resolution
  • International organisations, etc. 

ILS Law College, one of the best universities in India, offers an LLM concentration in international law.

Average Fees  INR 2,00,000
Average Salary INR 8,00,000

Corporate Law Of LLM

Many universities offer courses in LLM in Corporate Law to teach students how to communicate with stakeholders, directors, employers, and creditors. Graduates of the LLM Corporate law programme can find employment in a number of corporate sectors, including law enforcement agencies and other legal firms.

The following are some of the topics covered in the LLM Corporate Law specialisations:

  • Financial and Banking Law
  • European Capital Markets Law
  • Financial models and derivatives in a Legal Context Financial
  • Social Responsibilities and the Law

Among the leading institutions offering an LLM in Corporate Law are National Law University, Jodhpur, and Mahatma Gandhi Law College, Hyderabad.

Average Fees INR 3,00,000
Average Salary INR 7,00,000

Criminal Law Of LLM

Students who find it intriguing to explore the realm of criminal law and other aspects should pursue an LLM in criminal law. Students who pursue an LLM in criminal law have the chance to address purposeful acts of violence against people, which are, in a broader sense, an existential threat to humanity.

The topics covered in the LLM Criminal Law programme include

  • Code of Criminal Procedure
  • Criminal Jurisprudence in India

The major universities in this area are Dr. Ambedkar Law University in Chennai and National Law University in Bhopal.

Average Fees INR 3,00,000
Average Salary INR 10,00,000

Other Specializations Of LLM 

LLM Business Law LLM Intellectual Property Rights LLM Environmental Law
LLM Labour Law LLM Human Rights LLM Constitutional Law

Recommended Books Of LLM 

Name of the Books Authors
Responsibility of International Organizations Professor Bimal N. Patel
Administrative Law C K Thakker
Comparative Constitutional Law Mahendra P. Singh
Law and Social Transformation P. Ishwara Bhat
Due Process of Law Abhinav Chandrachud

In India LLM Colleges 

More than 500 legal schools and universities are located in India, including both government and private institutions. The majority of law schools are dispersed throughout all significant urban areas. 

Top LLM colleges in UP Top LLM colleges in Delhi
Top LLM colleges in Rajasthan Top LLM colleges in Maharashtra
Top LLM colleges in MP Top LLM colleges in Haryana
Top LLM colleges in Karnataka Top LLM colleges in West Bengal

The chart below provides a brief overview of the top LLM colleges in India's major cities.

In Delhi LLM Colleges

For your convenience, the top universities in Delhi that offer LLM programmes are listed here.

Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
National Law University 13,000
Faculty of Law, Jamia Millia Islamia University 10,400
Indian Law Institute 29,500
Institute of Management Studies 1,17,980
Faculty of Law, university of Delhi 5,428

In Pune LLM Colleges 

Below is a list of some of Pune's finest LLM colleges for your reference.

Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
Symbiosis Law School 3,73,450
ILS Law College 40,515
Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College 78,750
Sinhgad Law College 29,000
Savitribai Phule Pune University ---

In Bangalore LLM Colleges 

In the table below, the top LLM institutions in Bangalore are listed.

Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
National Law School of India University 2,13,975
School of Law, Christ University 1,95,000
MS Ramaiah College of Law
CMR University 1,40,000
University College of Law Bangalore University 82,000

In Kolkata LLM Colleges

For your information, some of the top LLM colleges in Kolkata are listed below along with their typical tuition costs. 

Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
University of Calcutta 6,000
National University of Juridical Sciences 1,95,000
Surendranath Law College 40,000
Amity Law School 1,00,000
Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College 14,000
Brainware University 1,50,000

In Mumbai LLM Colleges

Some of the top LLM colleges in Mumbai are listed here, along with their typical tuition costs.

Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
Maharashtra National Law University 60,000
Kirit P Mehta School of Law 1,26,500
Thakur Ramnarayan College of Law -
TISS 68,500
Amity Law School 1,00,000

In Abroad LLM 

The requirements for LLM Abroad eligibility vary typically from nation to nation. Students must have completed a Bachelor of Laws or LLB degree in order to pursue an LLM abroad, and they must also have passed one of the following entrance exams the TOEFL or IELTS.

In Canada LLM

With its high quality education systems and low tuition costs, Canada is regarded as one of the top most student-friendly nations. Additionally, there are other scholarships that are open to students from abroad. 

The following is a list of the requirements for students who desire to pursue an LLM from Canada:

  • Minimum 70% or a first-class LLB or comparable related course degree
  • a legitimate TOEFL or IELTS score of 100 or 7, respectively. Depending on the college cut offs, scores may change.
  • Some universities and colleges require relevant work experience.
  • When attempting to gain admission to Canadian colleges, research abilities and experience are quite important.

Below is a list of some of the top law schools accepting applicants for LLM programmes.

Name of the College Average Fees (INR)
University of Toronto 10,00,000
McGill University 9,00,000
University of British Columbia 5,00,000
York University 15,00,000

In UK LLM

When it comes to studying abroad, the United Kingdom is the second-best option. Numerous reputable law schools and colleges, including Oxford, the LSE, and others, offer a one-year LLM degree.

The following qualifications must be met in order to study LLM in the United Kingdom:

  • a law degree, such as an LLB, from an accredited university.
  • Students who placed first or among the top students may apply to the best LLM universities in the UK.
  • 80 minimum on the TOEFL or 6.5 on the IELTS is required for admission.

Top universities in the UK that provide LLM programmes include:

Name of the College Average Fees (INR)
University of Oxford 22,00,000
London School of Economics 23,00,000
King’s College London 26,00,000
University of Edinburgh 22,00,000
Queen Mary University of London 23,00,000

In USA LLM

Each year, thousands of people move to the US in pursuit of employment or to pursue further education. When it comes to studying abroad, the US is regarded as the top choice for Indian students. Many famous law schools, like Harvard University, the University of Chicago, and others, are located in the US.

The following is a list of requirements for studying for an LLM in the US:

  • LLB or Bachelor of Laws with a minimum GPA of 3.
  • 80 or 6.5 on the TOEFL or IELTS, respectively.
  • Some universities require relevant work experience.

The following list includes some of the top LLM schools in the US:

Name of the College Average Fees (INR)
Harvard University 52,00,000
Yale University 50,00,000
University of Chicago 50,00,000
University of Pennsylvania 49,00,000

Skills Required Of LLM

Below is a list of some of the most important skill sets to develop for a successful future after completing LLM courses.

Professional Skills Research and Analytical Skills English Language and Development
Excellent Communication Skills Networking Skills Time Management Skills

Scope of LLM Courses

One has two options after completing an LLM programme: they can join a professional career or continue their education. The two options listed below might be chosen after earning an LLM degree. Beginning of the Professional Career: After completing the course, one may work for any law firm or begin representing clients in the courts in the numerous designations listed below.

Joint Advisor Programme Officer Criminal Lawyer
Corporate lawyer Legal Consultant Judge
Lawyer working for the Government NGO Worker -

After finishing LLM coursework, one may choose to continue their education by obtaining a PhD in law. Numerous universities in India, including National Law University, Banaras Hindu University, West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, etc., offer PhD programmes in law.

Courses after LLM 

After earning an LLM with honours, one may choose to pursue a PhD in law, often known as a doctor of law, or an LLD. Numerous universities in India, like Nalsar Hyderabad, IIT Kharagpur, NLU Jodhpur, etc., provide admission to LLD students. 

The requirements to pursue an LLD are as follows:

  • Students must have completed their LLM with at least a 55% overall grade or equivalent CGPA.
  • It should be mandatory for students to pass admission tests administered by several universities.
  • Before enrolling students in LLD courses, several universities need job experience.

Below is a list of some of the best universities that accept applicants for LLD admissions.

Name of the Colleges Average Fees (INR)
Nalsar Hyderabad 2,10,000
IIT Kharagpur 80,000
NLU Jodhpur 1,10,000
NUJS Kolkata 65,000
GNLU Gandhinagar 1,40,000
SLS Pune 2,40,000

Jobs Of LLM 

One profession that is recession-proof and accessible in both the public and private sectors is law. Skilled LLM graduates are also hired for private practises and make enormous sums by working at different Courts across the nation.

Top Recruiters

Below is a list of some of the top employers of recent Master of Legislative Laws graduates.

Shardul Amarchand Mangaldas & Co. DSK Legal Phoenix Legal
Trilegal India AZB & Partners Desai & Dewanji
Khaitan & Co. Anand & Anand J Sagar And Associates
Sagar Associates Vaish Associates S & R Associates

Top Job profiles

Below are the job descriptions for graduates of the Master of Legislative Laws programme.

Job Profiles Job Description
Advocate An Advocate typically works for himself and takes up cases for people who seeks legal help for any of their problems or grievances that they think they are not capable enough to fight for. 
Judge Being a judge is one of the most high worthy and notable jobs in India. A judge sits at the pinaccle of the judiciary system and it is his responsibility of giving judgement to any trails or cases that comes under him.
Notary The basic job of a notary is to become a witness to signing of various legal documents to lend legal credibility. 
Legal Document Reviewer A Legal Document Reviewer/Derivative’s job is to negotiate and review various kinds of legal documents and draft responses, ancillary documents etc.
Professor A professor imparts knowledge on all the subjects that are taught at various law schools and colleges. 
Consultant A Legal Consultant/Associate assists in contract summarization, contract management, legal research, drafting, litigation and research-related projects.

Salary in India Of LLM

An LLM graduate's pay varies depending on the type of work that they conduct. An LLM graduate may typically expect to earn between INR 4 and 12 LPA in compensation.

The table below discusses the pay for various roles for graduates in legislative law.

Job Profiles Average Salary (INR)
Advocate 4.5 - 8 LPA
Judge 12 - 18 LPA
Notary 3 - 5 LPA
Professor 5 - 10 LPA
Consultant 6 - 9 LPA