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Master Of Law [LLM] 2024 - Syllabus, Subject, Exams, Jobs, Salary

Sukanta Das

Content Curator

Updated On - Feb 07,2024

LLM, or Master of Laws, is a two-year postgraduate degree programme that offers students extensive training in various legal specialties according to their selected area of specialisation. The LLM course syllabus is divided into four semesters and focuses on a variety of elective and fundamental law topics. These topics enable the students comprehend the legal system and apply it to real-world situations. The LLM course syllabus varies depending on the LLM specialisations, and it primarily focuses on educating students in a variety of legal topics, including Law and Technology, Law of Crimes, Judicial Process, Commercialization of IP & Licencing, etc. and allowing them to specialise in a particular area of law, such as Corporate Law, for example  Criminal Law, LLM Maritime Law and many others. Know More Details About Master Of Law

Those who want to advance their careers as judges, magistrates, criminal lawyers, intellectual property lawyers, legal counsel, law enforcement officers, etc. choose LLM courses. Candidates intending to enrol in LLM programmes must have earned a bachelor's degree in any pertinent field (BALLB, BBA LLB, etc.) from an accredited university with at least 60% of the required marks and must have passed any LLM entrance exam.

Syllabus Structure Of LLM

There are four semesters in the LLM programme. The LLM course programme is structured to cover a wide range of topics, as well as legal practise and developing professional abilities. The LLM curriculum's first semester is general in nature and concentrates on the study of administrative laws, many fundamental laws, and research technique. 

While the third and final semesters of the LLM course syllabus provide in-depth information in the field of LLM specialisations and involve mandatory dissertation submission and viva voce, the second semester of the course syllabus covers the fundamental knowledge about the subject chosen as a specialisation. With the aid of several research projects and internships, the students receive practical experience in addition to academic training throughout the final semester in law firms.

The LLM course syllabus mostly consists of core subjects, electives, etc. The following is a list of some of the important elements of the LLM course structure:

  • Basic Subjects
  • Elective Courses
  • Research Techniques
  • Internship Instruction in Law Firms
  • Dissertation
  • Viva Voce Group Debates
  • Seminars
  • Workshops

LLM Concentrations

There are several specialisations for LLM courses. Depending on the candidate's chosen area of specialisation, the LLM course syllabus varies. In addition to the fundamental studies, LLM students must select a specific legal stream to specialise in that area. The second semester's LLM course syllabus is different and focuses on the candidate's chosen specialisations.

There are many specialisations available in LLM programmes, and they concentrate on a wide range of subjects. For example, LLM International Law focuses on international law and international relations: development and trends, international human rights, and humanitarian law, among other topics, while LLM Corporate Law concentrates on corporate social responsibilities and the law, banking and finance law, and other related topics such related subjects. Some of the popular LLM specializations are tabulated below:

LLM Civil Law LLM Criminal Law
LLM Corporate Law LLM General
LLM Intellectual Property Law LLM International Law
LLM Human Rights LLM Labor Law
LLM Environmental Law LLM Cyber Law
LLM Banking Law LLM Financial Law

Subjects Of LLM

According to their many specialisations, the LLM syllabus's subjects are listed below:

Specialization Name Syllabus & Subjects Included
LLM International Law Comparative Public Law International Law and International Relations: Development and Trends
International Organizations Law and Justice in Internationalized World
Law of Sea, Air and Space International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
International Dispute Resolution Bodies International Courts and Tribunals
LLM Corporate Law Financial Models and Derivatives in a Legal Context Banking and Finance Law
Corporate Social Responsibilities and the Law European Law of Capital Markets
European Procurement Law Principles of International Tax Law
LLM Business Law Law and Social Transformation in India Law of Industrial and Intellectual Property
Judicial Process Business Law
Insurance Law Legal Regulation of Economic Enterprises, Law Relating to Regulatory Authorities
LLM Labour Laws Law Relating to Industrial Relations Comparative Public Law
Law Relating to Social Security & Safety Measures. Law relating to Trade Unions, Labor welfare
LLM Intellectual Property Rights Overview of Intellectual Property Copyright and Design Law
Traditional Knowledge and Biodiversity Advanced IP Issues
Commercialization of IP & Licensing International & Comparative IP Law
Plant Breeders Rights Research Project
LLM Human Rights Concept of Human Rights & Human Duties Human Rights & Criminal Justice
Constitutional Governance of Human Rights in India International Humanitarian Law
Refugee Law People’s Rights to Self-determination
LLM Taxation Law General Principles of Taxation Direct Tax Laws
Indirect Tax laws Tax Litigation
International Taxation Corporate Tax
LLM Constitutional Law Law and Social Transformation in India Constitutionalism: Pluralism & Federalism
Indian Constitutional Law- The New Challenges Judicial Process
Mass Media Law Administrative Process and Judicial Control
LLM Environmental Law Nature and Scope of Environmental Law International Law and Environmental Protection
Protection of Environment under the Indian Constitution Environmental Protection and General Civil and Criminal Laws
Protection of Water, Air and Environment in India Emerging Issues in Environmental Law
LLM Maritime Law Maritime Laws and Practices Maritime Jurisdictions
Maritime safety and security Maritime environment laws and practices
Maritime Insurance policies and practices Maritime disputes settlements

LLM Syllabus Of CLAT 

The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national-level entrance exam for admission to a variety of legal programmes at India's leading law schools. The CLAT exam's syllabus is different for undergraduate and graduate programmes. Quantitative Techniques, Logical Reasoning, English Language, Current Affairs, and Legal Reasoning are the five main topics covered in the CLAT UG syllabus. Contrarily, disciplines covered in the LLB programme including constitutional law, jurisprudence, administrative law, contract law, etc. are included in the CLAT Syllabus for the PG test.

Entrance Syllabus Of DU LLM 

The DU LLM entrance exam covers a broad range of disciplines, including as Fundamentals of Law, fundamental Corporate, Human Rights, and International Laws. The DU LLM Entrance Syllabus also covers a number of courses in English, Current Affairs, and Logical Reasoning. The National Testing Agency, also known as NTA, administers the DU LLM, a national level entrance exam. It is an online test with 100 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) worth four points each that lasts for two hours.

Entrance Syllabus Of BHU LLM

Jurisprudence, constitutional law, the Law of Contracts, Law of Torts, Law of Crimes, Environmental Law, and four other subjects like general awareness and current affairs, common legal knowledge, language comprehension-English and Hindi, and aptitude and mental ability-are all included in the BHU LLM Entrance Syllabus. Admission to the BHU LLM programme is accomplished by the LLM - PET entrance exam, which is only offered by BHU. BHU conducts the LLM PET exam for each academic session once a year.

Mumbai University LLM Syllabus 

The LLM Curriculum There are a total of 4 groups at Mumbai University that provide LLM courses in a variety of specialisations. Among the four groups are topics like Law And Social Transformation In India, Indian Constitutional Law: The New Challenges, Judicial Process, Legal Education, and Research Methodology, which are further divided into many sub-topics or disciplines. Dissertation and Viva Voice are also part of the final group or semester, which prepares the students for working in a professional setting. 

Calcutta University LLM Syllabus 

The two portions that make up the LLM Syllabus at Calcutta University are typically divided for the course's two years. All of the fundamental law's major topics, including advanced jurisprudence, the judicial process, trends in Indian constitutional law, legal education and research methodology, law and society in India, and practical, are covered in the first year's or first part's syllabus. The LLM Syllabus of Calcutta University's second year, however, covers extensive understanding of the specialisations that the applicants have selected.

The second-year corporate law syllabus for LLM specialisations includes courses like Dissertation + Viva-Voce as a required component, Banking Law, Insurance Law, and Law of Industrial and Intellectual Property. Similar to this, depending on the area of specialisation, the syllabus for LLM courses in the second year or in the third and final semesters changes. 

Study Material in India Of LLM Course 

There are many study resources for LLM courses, and some writers additionally write and publish books based on the Syllabi of certain LLM specialisations. These study materials are easily accessible by purchasing them online or from any library and are available as books, recordings of lessons, online tools, etc.

The best LLM study resources available in India are included in the table below, which can be used to cover all the required cover themes and subjects:

Name of the Book Name of the Author
Universal's Textbook on Legal Methods, Legal Systems & Research by Prof. Tushar Kanti Saha
Singhal's S. S. Handbook for LL.M Entrance Exam 2021 [New Syllabus] by Vishal Singh | Singhal Law Publication
New Age International Publishers Research Methodology Methods and Techniques by C. R. Kothari, Gaurav Garg
Methodology & Techniques of Social Research by P.L.Bhandarkar & T.S. Wilkinson For LL.M by Himalaya Publishing House
Master Key Gender Justice & Feminist Jurisprudence Women & Criminal Law by Dr. Sheetal Kanwal, Amar Law Publication | ALP0105
Law of Industrial & Intellectual Property for LLM by Pritish Pal & Varsha Gupta | Amar Law Publication
Human Rights Law for LL.M & Other by Dr. S. A. Karandikar & Dr. Ashok Yende, Aarati & Company
Central Law Publication's Legal Education & Research Methodology For LL.M by Dr. Mona Purohit
Bharat's Cyber Laws & Information Technology by Dr. Jyoti Rattan & Dr. Vijay Rattan
Amar Law Publication's Legal Regulations of Economic Enterprises (Business Law) by Adv. Aprajita Bhargav & Adv. Pritesh Kumar Pal

Specializations Wise Books Of LLM

Numerous publications are accessible, especially for the several specialisations that are given in the LLM courses. Candidates can also locate some comparable resources or books accessible in the market released by the specialised person in the field. Such study materials or books are typically available in the college or university library and provided to the students during their graduation. 

The following table chart lists some of the top books one can consult for various LLM specialisations produced by knowledgeable authors: 

LLM Specializations Name of the Book Name of the Author
LLM Civil Law EBC - Civil Procedure - Limitation and Commercial Courts - C K Takwani - 9th Edition 2021 by C K Takwani
LLM Corporate Law The Law of Corporations and Other Business Organizations by Angela Schneeman
LLM Criminal Law Master Key Gender Justice & Feminist Jurisprudence Women & Criminal Law by Dr. Sheetal Kanwal, Amar Law Publication | ALP0105
LLM Intellectual Property Law Law of Industrial & Intellectual Property for LLM by Pritish Pal & Varsha Gupta | Amar Law Publication
LLM Human Rights Human Rights Law for LL.M & Other by Dr. S. A. Karandikar & Dr. Ashok Yende, Aarati & Company
LLM Corporate Law The Interaction between Competition Law and Corporate Governance by Reinier Kraakman, John Armour, Paul Davies, Luca Enriques.
LLM International Law Textbook on Public International Law by Dr Rakesh Kumar Singh.
LLM Human Rights Ascent Publication's Public International Law (Law of Peace) & Human Rights by Dr. Ashok Kumar Jain
LLM Environmental Law Book Corporation's Principles of Environmental Laws [HB] by Dr. Rabindra Kr. Pathak, Ms. Surbhi Singh
LLM Intellectual Property Law Central Law Publication's Law Relating to Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) by Dr. M.K. Bhandari
LLM Labor Law Enhancing Capabilities Through Labor Law: Informal Workers in India by Supriya Routh

How can I get ready for the LSAT India?

In order to start studying for the LSAT exam, one must first be aware of the most recent exam syllabus and format. Candidates must create a study schedule and can solve practise exams and question papers from prior years. In addition, LSAT SuperPrep coaching is available for those who want better study aids and preparation.

How many times can you take the DU LLB entrance test?

There is no minimum or maximum age requirement to take the DU LLB entrance exam. Thus, candidates may attempt the DU LLB admission exam as many times as they choose. 

Is LLM possible without LLB?

Yes, it is possible to enrol in LLM programmes without having earned an LLB. In addition, graduates of BA LLB, BBA LLB, and other undergraduate legal programmes with at least a 50% grade point average may also choose to enrol in LLM programmes. Any LLM entry exam held at the national, state, or university level must also be passed.

Is LLM superior to LLB?

The primary distinction between LLM and LLB is that LLM is a postgraduate programme offered for two years, whereas LLB is a three-year undergraduate programme, or a five-year programme if it is provided as an integrated programme with BA and BBA. a master's course, such an LLM, an advantage after a UG course and it also allows one to get a hike in their salary and knowledge. 

What is the LLM's purview?

LLM is unquestionably a rewarding career choice in terms of both breadth and pay. The scope after completing LLM courses, as well as employment chances, are extremely broad and provide a wide range of opportunities. LLM holders have the opportunity to advance their careers in a variety of respectable roles, including those of advocate, legal associate/associate attorney, criminal lawyer, corporate lawyer, real estate lawyer, magistrate, legal advisor, professor, and many others.